Sustainable Development Programme of the Lake Chad Basin (PRODEBALT)

La CBLT en visite de la pépinière realisée par PRODEBALT

Short description

COUNTRY : Multinational

TITLE OF THE PROJECT: Sustainable Development Programme of the Lake Chad Basin (PRODEBALT).

Area: Member countries of the LCBC (Cameroon, Niger, Nigeria, Chad and CAR).

RECIPIENT: Lake Chad Basin Commission (LCBC)

Implementation Agency/Supervisor: Lake Chad Basin Commission (LCBC).
B.P. 727 N’Djamena (Chad)
Tel.: (235) 52 46 42
Fax : (235) 52 46 42
Web site :

Approval date                    : 11/12/2008

Date of signature              : 19/12/2008

Effective date                    : 19/12/2008

Closing date                      : 31/12/2015

Disbursement rate             : 9, 50 %


The total coast of the Programme is 60.7 million UC or 41.84 billion FCFA distributed as follows:

Sources of financing

Amount (million UC)

Amount (million FCFA)




22 204

49 ,9







2 598




2 257








1 554




9 059




5 137

11 ,6


0 ,60





44 459



Initial situation

The Sustainable Development Programme of the Lake Chad Basin (PRODEBALT) is one of the responses to the serious problems confronting the existence of the Lake Chad and the perpetuity of the Basin’s natural resources. The Programme is designed to reverse the degradation tendencies observed in the basin during the Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis. The PRODEBALT falls in line with the implementation of the Strategic Action Programme (SAP) and the LCBC Vision 2025 for a sustainable development of the Lake Chad Basin.

The implementation agency of the programme is the LCBC through the Regional Coordination and five National Coordinations (Cameroon, Niger, Nigeria, CAR and Chad) supported by National decentralized States services, NGOs, and specialized local agencies.

achievement of PRODEBALT for the community


The sectorial objective of the Programme is the sustainable reduction of poverty within people whose livehood depends on the resources of the Lake Chad Basin. The programme specifically aims to rehabilitate and keep productive capacities of the Lake Chad Basin ecosystems and adaptation of production systems to climate change.

Components of the Programme

The programme is implemented through four (4) components:

  1. Protection of the Lake Chad and its Basin;
  2. Adaption of production systems to climate change;
  3. Institutionnal support of LCBC Secretariat;
  4. Management of the programme.

Component A: Protection of the Lake Chad and its basin

  • Works on defense and restoration of soils and conservation of water and soils (DRS/CE) on 27,000 ha and sand dune fixation on 8,000 ha;
  • Regeneration of pastoral ecosystem on 23,000 ha;
  • Fight against the proliferation of invasive aquatic plants in water biddies aquatic plants and pollution;
  • Safeguarding of Kouri cattle breed;
  • Dridging of Vrick channel of about 15 km;
  • Study and optimal management plan of catchment water and water intakes of the basin

Component B: Adaptation of production systems to climate change

  • Extension of the piezometric observation network;
  • Sustainable management of forest, pastoral and aquatic resources;
  • Setting up of local development Funds (13,67 million UC) to finance  basic community infrastructures and micro projects of diversification and promotion of profitable sectors;
  • Enhancement of health condition through the distribution of 60,000 mosquito bednets and fight against HIV/AIDS and waterborne diseases.

Component C : Institutionnal support of LCBC Secretairiat

  • Capacity building of stakeholders (15,300 seniors staff, technicians, officials of Producers Organization (OP) out of which 40% of women);
  • Institutional capacity building of the LCBC including the building of the Observatory of the Lake Chad Basin;
  • Achievement of studies and research including the elaboration of the Master Plan to fight against erosion and silting of sand;
  • Contribution to specific engineering detailed studies of the water project transfer from Oubangui to the Lake Chad.

Component 4: Management of the Programme

  • The project is implemented by a Regional Coordination within the LCBC and assisted by five (5) National Coordinations and decentralized technical services of member States ;
  • Six steering committees are created at the regional level and in countries.

Follow-up mechanisms

The internal Monitoring and Evaluation is conducted by the Executive Secretariat of the LCBC through the Directorate of Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation of Projects, National Coordinators and the Specialist in Monitoring and Evaluation. There is an annual external monitoring and evaluation conducted by supervising Ministries of member Countries and the Observatory of the Basin, which benefits with reinforcement of the piezometric network and technical assistance in terms of follow-up and date analysis and modeling of hydrologic systems in the Lake Chad Basin.


Component A: Protection of the lake and its basin

  1. Sand dune fixation:

The identification of the sites and the sensitisation of the populations were carried out in (Niger and Chad). The national coordination of Chad has planted seedlings on a surface area of 185 ha.

  1. DRS / CES works:

Identification of sites was carried out and sensitisations of the populations were conducted in five member states, the national coordination of Chad has planted seedling on a surface area of 216 ha.

  1. Regeneration of degraded pastoral ecosystems:

The identification of sites was carried out, sensitisation and setting up of the management committees were conducted. The national coordination of Chad has planted seedling on a surface area of 46 ha.

  1. Increase of the water inflow to the lake:

The final report of the technical study on the development of the Vrick Canal was validated and the tender documents was developed and forwarded to the ADB.

Component B: Adaptation of the productive systems to climate change

  1. Redemarcation of stock routes:

Identification of sites, sensitization of the beneficiaries was done in five countries.

  1. Community reforestation:

Identification of sites, sensitization of the beneficiaries and setting up village management committee was done in five countries. The national coordination of Chad planted seedling on a surface area of 91 ha.

  1. Agro forestry plantation:

Identification of sites, sensitization of the beneficiaries and setting up village management committee was done in five countries. The national coordination of Chad planted seedling on a surface area of 734 ha.

  1. Promotion of the alternative sources of domestic energy:

Six (6) biogas digesters were constructed in Cameroon as part of the implementation of MOU signed with the SNV.

  1. Implementation of fisheries infrastructures:

The national coordination of Chad has purchased and distributed (35 improve stove, 75 Drying stage, 35 Chorkor oven and 75 Isothermal containers) to the communities.

  1. Development and rational management of the fishery resources:

The consulting firm SONED AFRIQUE, in charge of the studies and the control of the implementation of fishery infrastructure submitted the engineering design for the construction work related to fisheries infrastructure to the Programme.

  1. Alternative Initiatives for Local Development:

The consultant firm SEC DIARRA was recruited and developed manual for the implementation of local development fund (LDF). The final version of the manual was validated in Maroua, Cameroon in November 2012.

  1. Control of malaria:

The national coordination of Chad purchased and distributed 4,000 insecticide-treated mosquito bed nets to the communities

Component C: Institutional support

  1. The programme renovated LCBC Executive secretariat and the national Coordinations of Chad and Cameroon, The programme also purchased vehicles, computer equipment and offices supplies for all Coordinations.
  2. Capacity building of program staffs: Two (2) training sessions were held which focussed on the following: (i) The AfDB procurement procedures in June 2011 and (ii) TOMPRO software applications in September 2011
  3. Capacity building of LCBC:  A Technical Assistance was recruited and assumed duty in January 2012. The Technical Assistance team is composed of an expert in sustainable development planning and an expert in water resources
  4. The Consultancy Firm (STUDI International) was recruited to develop a Master Plan for the control of Silting of sand and Water Erosion (SDLEEH). The Consultant has conducted visit in February 2013 to the LCBC and five member states for the collection of data. The field visit will be conducted in march 2013.
  5. The Consultancy Firm (BERD) were recruited to conduct study on social and pastoral land development. The report of both diagnostic phase and Plan for Pastoral Developments was submitted to the regional coordination and validated from 19 to 20 February 2013.


In short term

  1. Close to 8,000 ha of sand dunes are stabilized, 500,000 ha of banks and lands are protected and enhanced by the sixth year ;
  2. Close to 55,390 ha of reforestation, plantation, agro-forestries have been achieved;
  3.  Two endangered species (breeding and fishing) are preserved by the sixth year;
  4. 50 management plans of natural resources are elaborated and achieved by the sixth year ;
  5. Close to 200 micro projects of diversification of activities whose the cultivation of Spirulina (60% are beneficial to women) are funded
  6. A total of 200 biogas units, 150,000 improved stove, 2,000 Chorkor ovens and 1,500 isotherm containers are popularized by the sixth year;
  7. The restructuring of the LCBC is complete by the second year and close to 15,300 seniors staff, technicians, officials of famers’ organizations are trained by the sixth year;
  8.  Legal instruments of the LCBC for the Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) are adopted and implemented by the sixth yearly;
  9. Conduct activities of the programme from 2009 to 2014 with a mid-term performance level at least 60% by 2012 and at least 95% in 2014;
  10. The technical and financial performance of the programme is satisfactory.

In the medium term

  1. Water contributions to the Lake is increased by 1 billion m3 by the sixth year of the project and the sedimentation of the lake will shift from 210 tonnes/km2/year to 105 tonnes/km2/year ;
  2. Increase rates of vegetal, animal and aquatic production stand at 19%, 12.5% and 42% respectively by the sixth year;
  3. The consumption of fire wood decreases by 1 million m3 and tree planting and agro-forestry increase shifting from 100% to 250% on the sixth year.
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