The Lake Chad Basin Commission was founded in 1964 by the four countries bordering Lake Chad: Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon and Chad. The Central African Republic became a member of the Commission in 1985, and Libya joined in 2007. In addition to supervising and coordinating transboundary water projects, the Commission is mandated by the member states to protect natural resources, regulate and monitor water use and settle disputes. The Commission was reorganised in 2009–2010 and is now in the implementation phase during which an integrated management strategy and a clearly defined strategy are to be developed that will enable the organisation to fulfil its tasks over the long term. The Commission is the only institution approved by the bordering countries for addressing current and future transboundary problems.
The Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) assists the Lake Chad Basin Commission since 2005. The German development cooperation programme ‘Sustainable Water Resources Management in the Lake Chad Basin’ is a cooperative project carried out with the German Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR). Following the reorganisation, the project is now divided into a technical component (BGR) and an organisational/institutional component (GIZ). The two components are created to assist LCBC on one hand in its institutional and organisational reform and on the other hand to enhance its technical capacities. The overall project duration is from July 2011 to June 2017, the current phase will end in June 2014. The budget of the programme is up to 4 million Euros.
GIZ’s tasks comprise
- supporting the Commission in institutional reform
- information and data management
- strengthening planning, communication and cooperation within the Commission and its partner institutions in the member states
raising the status of the Commission and its visibility regionally and internationally
The objectives of the project “Organisational advisory services for the Lake Chad Basin Commission” are to support LCBC in its organisational development and to strengthen the planning, cooperation, and communication capacities for a better performance of its tasks and to achieve sustainable results.
To strengthen the capacity of the Commission and so enable it to fulfil its mandate and achieve long-lasting results, two overarching areas of responsibility have been defined.
Increasing the performance and effectiveness of the organisation and its contact partners in the member states
- providing organizational advisory services
- introducing a communication system
- developing a training plan (planning, communication, coordination, conflict management, training courses and exchange trips)
Expanding and adapting the existing information system to the requirements contained in a two-year report (ecological condition of Lake Chad)
- expanding the database, GIS, software
- structuring the two-year report
- developing a monitoring and evaluation system
- setting up an indicator system
- reactivating the data exchange protocol with the member states
- supporting data collection, processing and evaluation at the respective institutions in the member states
- designing and developing a website with a communication platform for the Lake Chad Basin Commission and institutions in the member states
The programme also supports
- information exchange with other regional and international river basin and water catchment area commissions
- organisational development of transboundary management structures (including data, information and knowledge management)
The capacity building measures will enhance the organizational capabilities of the Commission as well as its competences in planning, coordination, monitoring and evaluation of projects of the Commission and of Donors. Internal communication and external communication with focal structures in the member countries and with the public will be strengthened.
- Lake Chad Basin Commission and its focal structures
- Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR)
- Lake Chad Basin Commission
- Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH
- Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources
- Global Runoff Data Center GRDC
- International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River
- International Commission for the Protection of the Rhine
- Commission Internationale du Bassin Congo-Oubangui-Sangha
- Nile Basin Initiative
- ESA Tigernet Initiative, Looking for Water in Africa
- EMMA European Multiservices Meteorological Awareness